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Below are the references used throughout the StarMed range landing page.


1. Antonelli, et al. New treatment of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: noninvasive pressure support ventilation delivered by helmet - a pilot controlled trial. Crit Care Med. 2002 Mar;30(3):602-8

2. Principi, et al. Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure delivered by helmet in hematological malignancy patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure. Intensive Care Med. 2004 Jan;30(1):147-50

3. Rocco, et al. Noninvasive ventilation by helmet or face mask in immunocompromised patients: a case-control study. Chest. 2004 Nov;126(5):1508-15

4. Tonnelier, et al. Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure ventilation using a new helmet interface: a case-control prospective pilot study. Intensive Care Med. 2003 Nov;29(11):2077-80

5. Squadrone, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure for treatment of postoperative hypoxemia: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2005 Feb 2;293(5):589-95 6. Brambilla, et al. Helmet CPAP vs. oxygen therapy in severe hypoxemic respiratory failure due to pneumonia. Intensive Care Med. 2014 Jul;40(7):942-9

7. Conti, et al. Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation with different interfaces in patients with respiratory failure after abdominal surgery: a matched-control study. Respir Care. 2007 Nov;52(11):1463-71

8. Pelosi, et al. Non-invasive ventilation delivered by conventional interfaces and helmet in the emergency department. Eur J Emerg Med. 2003 Jun;10(2):79-86

9. Codazzi, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure with modified helmet for treatment of hypoxemic acute respiratory failure in infants and a preschool population: a feasibility study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Sep;7(5):455-60

10. Racca, et al. Helmet ventilation for acute respiratory failure and nasal skin breakdown in neuromuscular disorders. Anesth Analg. 2009 Jul;109(1):164-7

11. Piastra, et al. Noninvasive pressure-support ventilation in immunocompromised children with ARDS: a feasibility study. Intensive Care Med. 2009 Aug;35(8):1420-7

12. Vaschetto, et al. Noninvasive ventilation after early extubation in patients recovering from hypoxemic acute respiratory failure: a single-centre feasibility study. Intensive Care Med. 2012 Oct;38(10):1599-606

13. Klein, et al. Helmet noninvasive ventilation for weaning from mechanical ventilation. Respir Care. 2004 Sep;49(9):1035-7

14. Squadrone, et al. Early CPAP prevents evolution of acute lung injury in patients with hematologic malignancy. Intensive Care Med. 2010 Oct;36(10):1666-74

15. Bellani, et al. The use of helmets to deliver non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure in hypoxemic acute respiratory failure. Minerva Anestesiol. 2008 Nov;74(11):651-6

16. Patroniti, et al. Head helmet versus face mask for non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure: a physiological study. Intensive Care Med. 2003 Oct;29(10):1680-7

17. Pisani, et al. Oronasal mask versus helmet in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. Eur Respir J. 2015 Mar;45(3):691-9

18. Patel, et al. Effect of Noninvasive Ventilation Delivered by Helmet vs Face Mask on the Rate of Endotracheal Intubation in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2016 Jun 14;315(22):2435-41

19. Kyeremanteng, et al. Cost Analysis of Noninvasive Helmet Ventilation Compared with Use of Noninvasive Face Mask in ARDS. Can Respir J. 2018 Feb 8;2018:6518572

20. Hui et al. Exhaled air dispersion during noninvasive ventilation via helmets and a total facemask. Chest. 2015 May;147(5):1336-1343

21. Cabrini, et al. Minimise nosocomial spread of 2019-nCoV when treating acute respiratory failure. Lancet. 2020 Feb 29;395(10225):685

22. Ferioli, et al. Protecting healthcare workers from SARS-CoV-2 infection: practical indications. Eur Respir Rev. 2020 Apr 3;29(155):200068

23. Franco, et al. Feasibility and clinical impact of out-of-ICU noninvasive respiratory support in patients with COVID-19-related pneumonia. Eur Respir J. 2020 Nov 5;56(5):2002130

24. Coppadoro, et al. Helmet CPAP to treat hypoxic pneumonia outside the ICU: an observational study during the COVID-19 outbreak. Crit Care. 2021 Feb 24;25(1):80

25. Fetracco, et al. Non-invasive ventilation in prone position for refractory hypoxemia after bilateral lung transplantation. Clin Transplant. Sep-Oct 2009;23(5):748-50

26. Coppo et al. Feasibility and physiological Effects of prone positioning in non-Intubated patients with acute respiratory failure due to COVID-19 (PRON-COVID): a prospective cohort study. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Aug;8(8):765-774

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